O mera rang de basanti chola maai rang de basanti chola…
When one hears/reads these lines, the one name that comes to everyone’s mind is that of Shaheed-e-Azam Bhagat Singh. On the fateful day of March 23, 1931 Bhagat Singh was hanged in Lahore, with fellow revolutionaries Rajguru and Sukhdev.
Along with fellow revolutionaries Shivaram Rajguru, Sukhdev Thapar and Jai Gopal (who identified Scott) Bhagat planned to kill Scott. However, in a case of mistaken identify, Gopal signaled at J P Saunders and they shot at DSP of Police Saunders instead of Scott. They went underground. Bhagat shaved off his beard and cut his hair (against the tenets of Sikhism) to escape the police and left Lahore.Later, Bhagat Singh and Batukehswar Dutt (B K Dutt) were sentenced to ‘transportation of life’ for bombing the Assembly in 1929. The British Government came to know of his involvement in the Saunders’ murder case, and nabbed Rajguru and Sukhdev also. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were prosecuted for the murder charges and were given life sentence and were hanged on March 23, 1931.
Bhagat Singh was an outstanding revolutionary and martyr of the Indian anti-colonial movement. He represented the youth who were dissatisfied with Gandhian politics and groped for revolutionary alternatives. Bhagat Singh studied the European revolutionary movement and was attracted to anarchism and communism. He became a confirmed atheist, socialist and communist.